All Issue

2021 Vol.66, Issue 4

Original Research Article

1 December 2021. pp. 271-278
Anonymous. 1975. Cultivation, propagation and utilization of Azolla, Institute of Soils and Fertilizers. Cheiang agriculture Academy. Cheiang.
Arora, A. and P. K. Singh. 2003. Comparison of biomass productivity and nitrogen fixing potential of Azolla spp. Biomass Bioenergy. 24 : 175-178. 10.1016/S0961-9534(02)00133-2
Baltazar, A. M. and S. K. De Data. 1992. Weed management in rice. Weed Abstr. 41 : 495-507.
Bindhu, K. B. 2013. Effect of Azolla extract on growth performance of Pisum sativum. International Research Journal of Biological Sciences. 2(10) : 88-90.
Biswas, M., S. P. Veen, H. Shimozawa, and N. Nakagoshi. 2005. Effects of Azolla species on weed emergence in a rice paddy ecosystem. Weed Biology and Management. 5 : 176-183. 10.1111/j.1445-6664.2005.00177.x
Buckingham, K. W., S. W. Ela, J. G. Morris, and C. R. Goldman. 1978. Nutritive value of the nitrogen fixing aquatic fern Azolla filiculoides. J. Agric. Food Chem. 26 : 1230-1234. 10.1021/jf60219a051
Ferentinos, L., J. Smith, and H. Valenzuela. 2002. Green manure crops: Azolla, sustainable agriculture green manure crops. Aug. 2002. CTAHR-SA-GM-2.
Han, C. M., S. K. Kim, J. H. Shin, J. W. Kim, J. B. Kwon, and Y. S. Shin. 2019. Occurrence and distribution of ALS inhibition herbicide resistant paddy weeds by using soil assay in Gyeongsanbuk-do, Republic of Korea. Weed & Turfgrass Sci. 8(4) : 289-298.
Han, G. S., H. J. Chung, Y. M. Lee, and J. H. Yoon. 2012. Quality characteristics of cooked rice with mixed cereals by blending ratio of the cereals frequently consumed in Korea. Kor. J. Community Living Sci. 23(4) : 587-552. 10.7856/kjcls.2012.23.4.537
Kropff, M. J. 1993. Eco-physiological models for crop-weed competition. In: Modelling crop-weed interactions (ed. by Kropff M. J. and H. H. X. Van Laar). Oxford University Press. the Philippines. p. 25-32.
Kwon, O. D., H. G. Park, K. N. An, Y. Lee, and S. H. Shin. 2010. Weed control efficacy and injury of rice plant by golden apple snail (Pomacea canaliculata) in environment-friendly rice paddy fields. Kor. J. Weed Sci. 30(3) : 282-290. 10.5660/KJWS.2010.30.3.282
Lee, T. B. 1979. Illustrated flora of Korea. Hyang Mun Sa. Seoul. Korea.
Lee, C. H., S. B. He, Y. C. Lee, D. M. Oh, and S. H. Kim. 2004. (eds) Manuals for organic and eco-friendly farming. National Academy of Agricultural Science. Suwon. Korea.
Liu, C. C. 1985. Reevaluation of Azolla utilization in agricultural production. Proceeding of the workship on Azolla use. China. p. 76-85.
Liu, C. C. and W. W. Zheng. 1989. Azolla in China. Agriculture Publishing House. Beijing.
Lumpkin, T. A. and D. L. Plucknett. 1980. Azolla: botany, physiology, and use as a green manure. Econ. Bot. 34 : 111-153. 10.1007/BF02858627
Lumpkin, T. A. and D. L. Plucknett. 1982. Azolla as a green manure: use of management in crop 6. Moore, A. W. 1969. Azolla: biology and agronomic significance. Bot. Rev. 35 : 17-35. 10.1007/BF02859886
Mandal, B., P. L. G. Vlek, and L. N. Mandal. 1999. Beneficial effect of blue-green algae and Azolla, excluding supplying nitrogen, on wetland rice fields. Biol. Fertil. Soils 28 : 329-342. 10.1007/s003740050501
McConnachie, A. J., M. P. de Wit, M. P. Hill, and M. J. Byrne. 2003. Economic evaluation of the successful biological control of Azolla filiculoides in South Africa. Biol. Control 28 : 25-32. 10.1016/S1049-9644(03)00056-2
Moody, K. and D. J. Janiya. 1992. The role of Azolla in weed control in rice, Philippine Journal of Weed Science 19 : 79-102.
Moran, K., J. Backman, H. Brinkhuis, S. C. Clemens, T. Cronin, G. R. Dickens, F. Eynaud, J. Gattacceca, M. Jakobsson, R. W. Jordan, M. Kaminski, J. King, N. Koc, A. Krylov, N. Martinez, J. Matthiessen, D. McInroy, T. C. Moore, J. Onodera, M. O’Regan, H. Palike, B. Rea, D. Rio, T. Sakamoto, D. C. Smith, R. Stein, K. St John, I. Suto, N. Suzuki, K. Takahashi, M. Watanabe, M. Yamamoto, J. Farrell, M. Frank, P. Kubik, W. Jokat, and Y. Kristoffersen. 2006. The Cenozoic Palaeo environment of the Arctic Ocean. Nature. 441 : 601-605. 10.1038/nature0480016738653
Ngo, G. D. 1973. The effect of Azolla pinnata R. Br. on rice growth. In. Biotrop Report-Second Indonesian Weed Science Conference, 2-5 April. Jogiakarta. Indonesia. No. 23.
Pons, T. L. 1987. Growth rates and competitiveness to rice of some annual weed species. In: Studies on weeds and rice competition (ed. by Sorianegara I.). Biotrop. Bogor. Indonesia. p. 13-21.
RDA. 2003. Development of soil fertility management technologies for stable rice product under conditions both of return or removal rice straw in paddy. Rural Development Administration. Jeonju, Korea.
Satapathy, K. B. and P. K. Singh. 1985. Control of weeds by Azolla in rice. J. Aquat. Plant Manage. 23 : 40-42.
Singh, A. L. and P. K. Singh. 1987. Influence of Azolla management on the growth, yield of rice and soil fertility. II. N and P contents of plants and soil, Plant Soil 102 : 49-54. 10.1007/BF02370899
Singh, P. K., B. C. Panigrahi, and K. B. Satapathy. 1981. Comparative efficiency of Azolla, blue-green algae and other organic manures in relation to N and P availability in a flooded rice soil. Plant Soil 62 : 35-44. 10.1007/BF02205023
Smith, R. J. Jr. 1983. Weeds of major economic importance in rice and yield losses due to weed competition. In: Proceedings of the conference on weed control in rice (Manila, the Philippines). International Rice Research Institute. Manila. p. 19-36.
Ventura, W. and I. Watanabe. 1993. Green manure production of Azolla mycrophylla and fertility. Biol. Fertil. Oils. 15 : 241-248. 10.1007/BF00337207
Watanabe, I. and C. V. Hove. 1996. Phylogenetic, molecular and breeding aspects of Azolla-Anabaena symbiosis. In: Pteridology in perspective (ed. by Camus J. M., M. Gibby, and R. J. Johns). Royal Botanic Gardens. Kew. p. 611-619.
Zoschke, A. 1990. Yield loss in tropical rice as influenced by the competition of weed flora and the timing of its elimination. In: Pest management in rice (ed. by Grayson B. T., M. B. Green, and L. G. Coppomg). Elsevier Science. London. p. 301-313. 10.1007/978-94-009-0775-1_24
  • Publisher :The Korean Society of Crop Science
  • Publisher(Ko) :한국작물학회
  • Journal Title :The Korean Journal of Crop Science
  • Journal Title(Ko) :한국작물학회지
  • Volume : 66
  • No :4
  • Pages :271-278
  • Received Date :2021. 06. 29
  • Revised Date :2021. 09. 28
  • Accepted Date : 2021. 09. 29